UEFA club licensing benchmarking report
- Aggregate operating profits have risen to €1.5bn in the last two years, compared to losses of €700m in the two years immediately prior to the introduction of Financial Fair Play.
- Aggregate losses have dropped by 81% since the full introduction of Financial Fair Play ─ from €1.7bn in 2011 to just over €300m in 2015.
- Net debt as a percentage of revenue has fallen from 65% in 2009 to 40% in 2015.
- Football club revenues have increased for 20 consecutive years, now reaching almost €17bn for clubs in European top divisions.
- There has been a significant reduction in the number of loss-making clubs in Europe since the introduction of Financial Fair Play, and in particular the worst excesses have been curbed, with the number of clubs with a single-year loss of more than €45m falling from 11 clubs in FY11 to four clubs in FY15.
- European club football is enjoying unprecedented levels of investment – 58 new club stadiums were completed between 2014-2017, compared to 23 in the previous four-year period.
- Since the introduction of the Financial Fair Play break-even requirements (2011-2015), €1.3bn has been added to the balance sheet value of fixed assets.
- The top 15 European clubs have added €1,514m in sponsorship and commercial revenues in the last six years (148% increase), compared to the €453m added by the rest of the approximately 700 top-division clubs in Europe (17% increase).
- Loan restrictions (adopted by 15 leagues) and squad limits (28 countries) are increasingly popular across Europe as a means of preventing player hoarding and/or protecting the integrity of competitions
- More than 170m spectators went to European league matches in 2015/16, with 55m attending matches in England and Germany
- The English Premier League has comfortably the highest percentage of expatriate players, at almost 70%.
- Forty-four clubs in major European leagues are now under foreign ownership, by owners of 18 different nationalities